Bohemian Grove Timeline


Sonoma  County Superior Court Judge Rene Chouteau ruled today that the California  Department of Forestry and Fire Protection (CALFIRE) violated the California  Environmental Quality Act  (CEQA) when it approved the Bohemian Club’s  100-year logging plan for the Bohemian Grove.

Several years ago Forest Unlimited helped to organize, educated and advise the Bohemian Redwood Rescue Club.  The BRRC and Forest Unlimited together with the Sierra Club reviewed and commented upon a Nonindustrial Timber Management Plan (NTMP) filed by the Bohemian Club with the California Department of Forestry (CDF).   After three years of review and three major revisions to this open-ended logging plan, CDF still approved what we still felt was an illegal plan.   Consequently BRRC and the Sierra Club sued the Bohemian Club and CDF.

The ruling in the case, Sierra Club and Bohemian Redwood Rescue Club v CALFIRE, is a  win for environmentalists who for years waged a David and Goliath-style battle  in an effort to scale back logging at the Bohemian Club’s  2,700-acre Bohemian Grove near Monte Rio, 75 miles  north of San Francisco.

“The ruling is significant because it  requires CALFIRE to consider reasonable alternatives that are less damaging to  the environment,” said Paul Carroll, the attorney who successfully  argued the case.

Environmentalists had opposed the Bohemian Club’s  Non-industrial Timber Management Plan (NTMP) , which sought CALFIRE’s approval  to log up to nearly two million board feet per year, including some old  growth, at the Bohemian Grove. The Sierra Club’s lawsuit maintained that the  Bohemian Club initially overstated the amount of timber that could be sustainably  harvested, in violation of CEQA.

The Bohemian  Grove, the Bohemian Club’s elite enclave on the Russian River, contains magnificent redwoods and Douglas fir, some more than  1,000 years old.  Coastal old-growth redwoods remain on only 4 to 5  percent of their original range— a 450-mile band along the Pacific coast from  Big Sur, California to southern Oregon.

The Bohemian Club’s  NTMP drew hundreds of public comments, more than any other in the history of  California’s 1972 Forest Practices Act. In this ruling, Judge Chouteau  questioned how CALFIRE could consider clear cutting as potentially feasible,  but reject the public’s request for less damaging alternatives.

“This  ruling affirms that public participation in the permitting process is  essential to protecting the state’s remaining old growth,” said John Hooper, a  long time forest activist and former Bohemian Club member whose objections to  the logging plan led to the lawsuit.

In 2001, while a member of the  Bohemian Club, Hooper hiked the outlying acres of the Bohemian Grove. He came  upon large old-growth redwoods and Douglas fir that had been tagged for  harvest. He learned that the Bohemian Club, citing the  need for fire prevention, had applied for a permit (NTMP) to harvest 1.13 to  1.8 million board feet per year. A 2001 internal report by the Bohemian  Grove’s then-forester had concluded that the Grove could only sustain a  maximum cut of 500,000 board feet in a year without damaging the forest.

The Bohemian Club had logged 11 million board feet been 1984 and  2005, including old growth trees. At least nine old-growth stands were  still intact, but Hooper found that these hadn’t been disclosed in the  Bohemian Club’s NTMP.  State regulations  require landowners to divulge “special and unique” resources on their property  so that logging plans can be accurately evaluated. CALFIRE  requires that NTMP timber harvest goals be sustainable.

Scientists from  UCLA and UC-Davis disputed the Bohemian Club’s sustainability and fire safety  claims. The California Department of Fish and Game also criticized the  plan.

“From start to finish, this was  clearly a logging project, not a project to reduce the fire hazard,” said  Philip Rundel, Distinguished Professor of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at  UCLA.  “The harvest rates and cutting schedules were totally inconsistent with  the plan’s claims of restoring natural forest conditions.”

As a result of the criticism, the Bohemians scaled back their  NTMP. The Bohemian Club resubmitted its  NTMP  in 2009, but offered no “feasible alternatives” to the proposed  logging, as CEQA requires. CALFIRE approved the plan anyway, just two days  before stronger regulations protecting Russian River salmon and steelhead took effect.

Concerned about the challenge to  the integrity of CEQA, the Sierra Club filed suit in January 2010. In  today’s ruling, the Court ordered CALFIRE to rescind its permit to the  Bohemian Club and start over.

“Today’s victory shows that no  matter how influential a group may be, it is not exempt from the law,” said  Rick Coates, executive director of Forest Unlimited in  Cazadero and a veteran of many redwood battles.

Here are some of the courts findings:

“It is difficult to understand why CDF would include clearcutting as a potential feasible harvesting alternative but reject the suggestion by public commentators that CDF consider a reduced harvest alternative.  CDF rejects the clearcutting alternative as infeasible, but provides no clear justification for rejecting some form of reduced harvest alternative.”

“Given the fact that the department was unable to come up with one feasible alternative to be analyzed, it is difficult to conclude that the environmental document sets forth alternatives necessary to permit a reasonable selection of alternatives that will allow meaningful evaluation.”

“The NTMP is inadequate to support CDF’ s decision to approve the project.”

For more  information:

11/9/10  After waiting nearly a year for a court date of November 12,2010, the plaintifs in the suit against the Bohemian Club were informed four days before the trial date that the Judge Robert S. Boyd recused himself  citing close relatives who belong to the Bohemian Club!  Judge Rene’ Aguste Chouteau has been assigned to hear the case sometime in 2011.

1/28/09 The Bohemian Redwood Rescue Club and the Sierra Club filed suit in Sonoma County Superior Court to set aside CalFire’s approval of the Bohemian Club’s logging plan.   The Bohemian Redwood Rescue Club was organized, trained and advised by Forest Unlimited.  A special thanks to the Sonoma Group of the Redwood Chapter of the Sierra Club for their support of this legal challenge. Click here to donate to the legal fund for this suit.  To see the petition click here:  Sierra Club & BRRC vs. CDF.

1/16/10 As of this date, the Sheephouse Creek NTMP has not been returned to Calfire for additional review.   A recent engineering report submitted to Calfire demonstrates that the proposed unimproved haul road, cannot withstand heavy logging trucks without damage and likely siltation of Sheephouse Creek.  If you would like to help review this plan contact us.

1/16/10 Calfire approved the Sunrise Mountain THP months ago but, as yet Gualala Redwoods Inc. has not logged likely because of the low price of timber. GRI also apllied for and received a lot line adjustment that would facilitate homebuilding on the parcels after logging.  We still have hope that GRI will consider selling the parcels to the Open Space District for inclusion in the recently acquired Jenner Headlands.

12/29/09 CalFire approved the Boheminan Club Nonindustrial Timber Management Plan in spite of the fact that the Club has too many acres to qualify for such a plan and that the Alternatives Analysis and the discussion of cumulative effects all violate the requirements of the California Environmental Quality Act.   Read More at

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